Rather than focusing their efforts on studying individual organisms, ecologists try to sketch the complex relationships between them, their physical environment, and human activities.
Ecology graduates may work in:
- Conservation and protecting sensitive habitats
- Urban planning
- Agriculture and forestry
- Community health
- Waste management
- Rehabilitating damaged ecosystems, such as former mines
A bachelor's degree in ecology will give you a thorough grounding in organic and inorganic chemistry, biology, zoology, genetics, and other life sciences. This is a good option for a pre-med course. These are rounded out with subjects like geology, hydrology, and economics - ecologists are usually generalists capable of fulfilling multiple roles, from natural resource management to coordinating conservation efforts.
A love of nature and the scientific method are requirements for this career. A student considering ecology should be prepared for a significant amount of fieldwork, sometimes under challenging conditions.